Rich tradition of Mathematics in India. International Conference on the Zero at united nations educational scientific and cultural organization (UNESCO) Paris, France 5th April 2016 with six sessions organised with support of Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India. Professeur Shailendra Mehta Auro university Gurajat (India) with other famous mathematician around the world will discuss about the contribution and development of the Zero.
The concept of zero as a number and not merely a symbol or an empty space for separation is attributed to India.
The Indian scholar Pingala, of 2nd century BC or earlier, used binary numbers in the form of short and long syllables. In his Chandah-sutras, dated to 3rd or 2nd century BC, Pingala used the Sanskrit word śūnya explicitly to refer to zero. In 498 AD, Indian mathematician and astronomer Aryabhata stated in his Aryabhatiya that “sthānāt sthānaṁ daśaguṇaṁ syāt” i.e., “from place to place each is ten times the preceding,” which is the origin of the modern decimal-based place value notation.
The rules governing the use of zero appeared for the first time in Brahmagupta’s book Brahmasputha Siddhanta (The Opening of the Universe).
Not only zero but entire numerical, tables &:decimal was invented in India thousands of year ago. In English, the script is Roman but numbers are ours ( Roman numbers can be seen in clocks , not effective) In Arabic, script is written from right to left but numbers from left to right modified form of our numbers. Russian language pronounces the numbers in our Sanskrit versions exactly same. There should no doubt that we are studying the movement of stars since many ages & calculating the time & places of eclipses.
‘’Modern computers are based on binary system – which uses only two bits – 0 and 1. The nr. zero was invented independently in India.’’
‘Aryabhatta utilized the concept of zero in his mathematical work, but he did not ascribe a symbol for it. The oldest documentation of the actual symbol “0” and the origin of the word zero comes from the Persian al-Khwarizmi about 450 years later. If we really want to give credit for the concept, we need to go back a hundred years before Aryabhatta to the Mayans or 700 years back to the Babylonians. Although, it is fair to say that our use of the concept comes from Aryabhatta.’ — Robert Frost, Instructor and Flight Controller at NASA