Bhubaneswar Buzz

Facts you should know about Shiva Temples of Odisha


The credit to this awesome Odisha temple information goes to Vijayakumar Gaari Abbaayi Karthik. Here is the link to the original post as a Facebook note

On occasion of Odisha Day – Utkal Diwas posting details of some Shiva Temples in Odisha.

Bhubaneshwar the capital itself, is named after Lord Shiva, Tribhuvaneshwar, meaning Lord of the 3 Worlds. Bhubaneshwar is also called as the Temple City, due to the large number of Temples, and a majority of them are dedicated to Lord Shiva. One of Bhubaneshwar’s older names is Ekamra, referring to the One Mango tree, under which Lord Shiva often meditated.

There are at least 30-40 Shiva Temples in Bhubaneshwar still existing, of which Lingaraja, Mukteswar, Parasurameswar are the more well known. Of all the temples in Bhubaneshwar the Lingaraja Temple is the most prominent one, with it’s 180 ft tall tower


Lingaraj Temple represents the best of the Kalinga style of architecture too, built in the traditional Deula manner.Temples in Kalinga architecture have 4 parts-Vimana(Sanctum Sanctorum),Jagmohana(Assembly Hall),Natamandira(Festival Hall) and Bhoga Mandap

Lingaraja Temple dates back to around late 11th century, mostly built by kings from the Somavamsa, with later additions by the Ganga rulers. Jajati Keshari was believed to have built the Lingaraja Temple during the 11th Century,  and it is the largest in Bhubaneshwar. The Lingaraja Temple is built mainly with sandstone, and follows the typical Kalinga style with a Vimana, Jagmohana, Nata Mandira. While essentially Shaivite, under the Ganga Rulers, certain elements of Vaishnavism were also introduced in the Lingaraj Temple. During the reign of the Ganga rulers, the deity in Lingaraja Temple was worshipped as Harihara, representing both Shiva and Vishnu. The Bindusagar Tank near Lingaraja Temple is believed to contain drops of all major rivers in India

Bindusagar Tank


The central tower or Gopuram of the Lingaraja Temple, that can be seen from a distance

Gopuram of the Lingaraja TempleGopuram of the Lingaraja Temple


The interiors of the Lingaraja Temple, in Bhubaneshwar here


Interiors of the Lingaraja TempleInteriors of the Lingaraja Temple


Not a very well known one, but worth a visit is the Ashthashambu Siva temple in Bhubaneshwar, 8 temple complex

Ashthashambu Siva temple


The next largest Shiva Temple in Bhubaneshwar is the Mukteswara Temple, known for it’s architecture

Mukteswara TempleMukteswara Temple


Another view of the Mukteswara Temple, Bhubaneshwar, Shiva here is worshiped as the giver of Mukti


Mukteswara TempleMukteswara Temple


Full view of Mukteshwara Temple, Bhubaneshwar, notice the sculpture and carvings here


Mukteswara TempleMukteswara Temple


The carvings inside the Mukteshwara Temple, they do need better maintenance though


Carvings inside the Mukteshwara TempleCarvings inside the Mukteshwara Temple


Parasurameshwar Temple in Bhubaneshwar, dedicated to Lord Shiva, is the oldest dating back to 8th century


Parasurameshwar TempleParasurameshwar Temple


The main tower of the Parashurameshwar Temple at Bhubaneshwar, again notice the carvings here


Parasurameshwar TempleParasurameshwar Temple


Like most other temples in Odisha, the Parashurameshwar Temple has very elaborate carvings like this


Parasurameshwar Temple CarvingsParasurameshwar Temple Carvings


Parashurameshwar Temple so gets it’s name as it’s believed Parashuram did penace to Lord Shiva here.


The Parashurameshwar Temple was also one of the earliest to depict  Durga in the Mahishasur Mardini form


Mahishasur Mardini formMahishasur Mardini form


One very unique Shiva Temple in Odisha is the Leaning Temple at Huma in Sambalpur district


Leaning Temple at HumaLeaning Temple at Huma


No one is sure why the main tower of the Shiva Temple at Huma, in Sambalpur dist leans, reason not found yet


Leaning Temple at HumaLeaning Temple at Huma


Brahmeswara Temple at Bhubaneshwar, again dating back to end of 9th century, built in a more pyramid structure


Brahmeswara TempleBrahmeswara Temple


Indralath temple at Bolangir, so called as Indra was believed to have worshiped Lord Shiva here, built with bricks


Indralath templeIndralath temple


Kapileshwara Temple on outskirts of Bhubaneshwar, often believed to be a twin to Lingaraja Temple


Kapileshwara TempleKapileshwara Temple


Kapileswara is believed to be the birthplace of Sage Kapila, and the Lord here is worshiped as Kapileswara Siva


Kapileshwara TempleKapileshwara Temple

Rajarani Temple in Bhubaneshwar, dedicated to Lord Shiva, but there are no idols of any deity inside the sanctum


Rajarani TempleRajarani Temple


Again like most ancient temples in Odisha, the Rajarani Temple is famous for it’s carvings of Nayikas on the walls


Rajarani Temple CarvingsRajarani Temple Carvings


Gupteshwar Cave Temple in Koraput, is one of the more well known ones, with the idol located in a limestone cave.

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